The Methodology of a cluster initiative combines a series of change management tools with a robust strategic and international analysis, improved by experience and based on the precepts developed by Prof. Michael Porter from Harvard University in his books "Competitive Strategy" (1980), "Competitive Advantage" (1985), "The Competitive Advantage of Nations" (1990) and "On Competition" (1998). The Methodology is also based on more recent publications such as "The Cluster Initiative Green Book" (Ivory Tower, 2005) by C. Ketels, O. Solvell and G. Lindqvist.
Clusters are socio-economic realities, often unplanned, which are defined in many ways. The definition proposed by Prof. Michael Porter remains a reference widely accepted “A geographically proximate group of interconnected companies and associated institutions in a particular field, linked by commonalities and complementarities (external economies)”. The interconnection between companies and institutions within the cluster is most relevant, as it allows the generation of beneficial externalities for the whole cluster.
Clusters are present in every economy in the world and they represent an ideal working unit that facilitates dialogue with governments and implementation of microeconomic policies.